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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2005 Jun;25(6):338-44.

Importance of CD8(+)Vbeta8(+) T cells in IFN-gamma-mediated prevention of toxoplasmic encephalitis in genetically resistant BALB/c mice.

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  • 1Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA.

Abstract

In our attempt to identify a major T cell population(s) that recognizes protective Toxoplasma gondii antigens and produces interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) for prevention of toxoplasmic encephalitis (TE), we found T cell receptor Vbeta8(+) cells to be the most frequent IFN-gamma-producing population infiltrated into the brain of T. gondii-infected BALB/c mice genetically resistant to the disease. To examine the role of IFN-gamma production by this T cell population for resistance, we transferred Vbeta8(+) immune T cells purified from spleens of infected BALB/c and IFN-gamma(/) mice into infected, sulfadiazine-treated, athymic nude mice. After discontinuation of sulfadiazine treatment, control nude mice that had not received any T cells and animals that had received Vbeta8(+) T cells from IFN-gamma(/) mice all died because of reactivation of infection (TE). In contrast, animals that had received the cells from BALB/c mice survived. Thus, IFN-gamma production by Vbeta8(+) T cells plays an important role in prevention of TE in these animals. When Vbeta8(+) immune T cells were divided into CD4(+) and CD8(+) subsets, a potent protective activity was observed only in the CD8(+) subset, whereas a combination of both subsets provided greater protection than did the CD8(+)Vbeta8(+) population alone. These results indicate that the CD8(+) subset of Vbeta8(+) T cells is a major afferent limb of IFN-gamma-mediated resistance of BALB/c mice against TE, although the CD4(+) subset of the T cell population works additively or synergistically with the CD8(+)Vbeta8(+) population.

PMID:
15957957
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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