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Ann Pharmacother. 2005 Jul-Aug;39(7-8):1302-8. Epub 2005 Jun 14.

Once-daily abacavir in place of twice-daily administration.

Author information

  • 1Iowa Drug Information Network, Iowa City, IA 52242-5000, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the safety and efficacy of a once-daily dosage regimen for abacavir, a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor.

DATA SOURCES:

English-language MEDLINE and Iowa Drug Information Service database reports were accessed from 1966 to March 2005. International Pharmaceutical Abstracts was searched from 1970 to March 2005. The key words used in all searches were abacavir and Ziagen. Article bibliographies were used to identify additional relevant articles. The Internet was searched to identify abstracts of poster and oral presentations that have not yet been published. The manufacturer was also contacted to obtain unpublished information.

STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION:

Publications were included that provided information related to the safety and efficacy of abacavir when used once daily. Preference was given to randomized, double-blind, controlled trials comparing once-daily abacavir regimens with other antiretroviral regimens. Abstracts from professional meetings were included for unpublished studies, and conference coverage reviews were included if the abstracts were not available.

DATA SYNTHESIS:

In trials directly comparing once- and twice-daily abacavir, little difference was shown in the efficacy of the 2 regimens. Despite similar adverse effect profiles, significantly more severe hypersensitivity reactions and severe diarrhea were seen with once-daily abacavir in one trial.

CONCLUSIONS:

Once-daily administration of abacavir has not been shown to be inferior to twice-daily dosing, but it may put patients at increased risk for severe hypersensitivity reactions and diarrhea. More data are needed to confirm this risk.

PMID:
15956231
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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