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Circulation. 2005 Jun 28;111(25):3391-9. Epub 2005 Jun 13.

Effects of exercise and ischemia on mobilization and functional activation of blood-derived progenitor cells in patients with ischemic syndromes: results of 3 randomized studies.

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  • 1Heart Center, Department of Internal Medicine/Cardiology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Exercise training (ET) has been shown to improve regional perfusion in ischemic syndromes. This might be partially related to a regeneration of diseased endothelium by circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) or CPC-derived vasculogenesis. The aim of the present study was to determine whether ischemic stimuli during ET are required to promote CPC mobilization in patients with cardiovascular diseases.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) were randomized to 4 weeks of daily ischemic ET or control (group A). Successfully revascularized patients with PAOD were randomized to 4 weeks of daily nonischemic ET or control (group B). Patients with stable coronary artery disease were subjected to 4 weeks of subischemic ET or control (group C). At baseline and after 4 weeks, the number of KDR+/CD34+ CPCs was determined by fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis. Levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were measured by ELISA. A Matrigel assay was used to quantify CPC integration into vascular structures. Expression of the homing factor CXCR4 was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. In group A only, ischemic ET increased VEGF levels by 310% (P<0.05 versus control) associated with an increase in CPCs by 440% (P<0.05 versus control), increased CXCR4 expression, and enhanced integration of CPCs into endothelial networks. In contrast, subischemic ET in groups B and C increased CXCR4 expression and CPC integration.

CONCLUSIONS:

In training programs, symptomatic tissue ischemia seems to be a prerequisite for CPC mobilization. However, ischemic and subischemic ET programs affect CXCR4 expression of CPCs, which might lead to an improved CPC integration into endothelial networks.

PMID:
15956121
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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