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Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2005 Jun;3(3):403-17.

Cephalosporin resistance among animal-associated Enterobacteria: a current perspective.

Author information

  • 1Food and Environmental Safety Department, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Woodham lane, Addlestone, Surrey, KT15 3NB, UK. m.batchelor@VLA.DEFRA.gsi.gov.uk

Abstract

Beta-lactam antimicrobials are an important class of drugs used for the treatment of infection. Resistance can arise by several mechanisms, including the acquisition of genes encoding beta-lactamases from other bacteria, alterations in cell membrane permeability and over expression of endogenous beta-lactamases. The acquisition of beta-lactamase resistance genes by both Salmonella and Escherichia coli appears to be on the rise, which may pose potential problems for the treatment of infections in both human and animal medicine. The prudent use of clinically important antimicrobials is therefore critical to maintain their effectiveness. Where possible, the use of newer generation cephalosporins should be limited in veterinary medicine.

PMID:
15954857
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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