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Radiat Res. 1992 Jun;130(3):379-83.

Dosimetry in photodynamic therapy: oxygen and the critical importance of capillary density.

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  • 1University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Radiology, New York 14627.

Abstract

Recently published results of tumor response to various photoradiation protocols in photodynamic therapy appear to contradict accepted definitions of photodynamic dose. In this report, the failure of standard dosimetry models to predict therapeutic outcome is interpreted on the basis of PDT-induced oxygen consumption in tumors with relatively low capillary densities. Calculated estimates of oxygen consumption in photodynamic therapy are combined with the Krogh cylinder model of oxygen diffusion. It is shown that, for tissue volumes in which the intercapillary spacing is less than a specific critical distance, oxygen may be considered constant and unaffected by the therapy. Under these conditions, the 1O2 delivered to a given volume of tissue is spatially uniform and proportional to the number of photons absorbed by the sensitizer. When the intercapillary spacing exceeds the critical distance, the dose of 1O2 varies with radial distance from the capillary wall. In this situation, dose may no longer be considered simply in terms of the product of the photon fluence and the sensitizer absorption coefficient. Since fractionation will increase the 1O2 dose only to cells relatively remote from the capillary wall, the analysis further suggests that fractionating the radiation dose should result in an improved therapeutic ratio for photodynamic therapy.

PMID:
1594766
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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