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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 Jun 1;89(11):5001-5.

CD43 interferes with T-lymphocyte adhesion.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, New England Medical Center Hospitals, Boston, MA 02111.


CD43 is a cell-surface sialoglycoprotein of uncertain physiologic function expressed to various degrees by most leukocytes. We tested whether or not CD43 participates in intercellular adhesion by comparing the binding of human T lymphocytes to transfected HeLa cells stably expressing CD43 and sham-transfected HeLa cells (CD43-negative). Significantly fewer T lymphocytes adhered to the CD43-positive HeLa cells than to the CD43-negative HeLa cells. Diminished T-cell adherence to the CD43-positive HeLa cells was seen for all T lymphocytes tested, irrespective of their source or derivation. Antibody-blocking experiments revealed that CD43 interference with T-cell adhesion largely represented interference with T-cell leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 binding to HeLa cell intercellular adhesion molecule 1. The CD43 anti-adhesion effect was not overcome by treating cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, a chemical that increases the binding avidity of leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 for intercellular adhesion molecule 1. However, neuraminidase treatment of the HeLa cell transfectants diminished the CD43 antiadhesion effect. These data indicate that CD43 expression by opposing cells can interfere with cell-cell adhesion. The data also suggest that CD43 might regulate T-cell adhesion by interfering with leukocyte function-associated 1 binding to intercellular adhesion molecule 1, a major activation-induced adhesion pathway among lymphocytes.

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