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Environ Pollut. 2005 Sep;137(1):83-101.

Biological responses to the chemical recovery of acidified fresh waters in the UK.

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  • 1Environmental Change Research Centre, University College London, 26 Bedford Way, London, WC1H 0AP, UK. d.monteith@geog.ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

We report biological changes at several UK Acid Waters Monitoring Network lakes and streams that are spatially consistent with the recovery of water chemistry induced by reductions in acid deposition. These include trends toward more acid-sensitive epilithic diatom and macroinvertebrate assemblages, an increasing proportional abundance of macroinvertebrate predators, an increasing occurrence of acid-sensitive aquatic macrophyte species, and the recent appearance of juvenile (<1 year old) brown trout in some of the more acidic flowing waters. Changes are often shown to be directly linked to annual variations in acidity. Although indicative of biological improvement in response to improving water chemistry, "recovery" in most cases is modest and very gradual. While specific ecological recovery endpoints are uncertain, it is likely that physical and biotic interactions are influencing the rate of recovery of certain groups of organisms at particular sites.

PMID:
15944042
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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