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Appl Opt. 2005 Jun 1;44(16):3284-90.

Profiling of objects with height steps by wavelet analysis of shadow moiré fringes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore. mpeqcg@nus.edu.sg

Abstract

A temporal wavelet analysis algorithm is proposed for shadow-moiré-based three-dimensional surface profiling on objects having discontinuous height steps. A grating is positioned close to an object, and its shadow is observed through the grating. The moiré fringe patterns vary when the grating is in-plane rotating. A series of fringe patterns are captured by a CCD camera at different rotating angles. Phase values are evaluated point by point with the continuous wavelet transform. From the phase values of each point on the object, the distance between the object and the grating can be retrieved. The surface profile is obtained without temporal or spatial phase unwrapping. This technique is applicable to objects with discontinuous height steps, which are impossible to measure with conventional shadow moiré topography. Two specimens are tested to demonstrate the validity of the method: One is an object with a height step of 1.6 mm, and another is a small coin with unevenness of less than 0.2 mm. The experimental results are compared with test results by use of the mechanical stylus method.

PMID:
15943265
[PubMed]
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