Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2005 Sep 1;122(1):33-9.

Circulating concentrations of sFlt1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1) in fetal and maternal serum during pre-eclampsia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ulleval University Hospital, Kirkeveien 166, N-0450, Oslo, Norway. annetine.staff@ulleval.no

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We hypothesized that umbilical vein serum soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1) concentration was augmented in pre-eclampsia. We also explored a possible association between fetal and maternal concentrations of sFlt1.

STUDY DESIGN:

At cesarean delivery, maternal serum samples from pre-eclamptic (n=38) and uncomplicated (n=32) pregnancies were obtained, as well as umbilical vein serum and amniotic fluid samples. ELISA for human sFlt1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and placental growth factor (PlGF) were performed.

RESULTS:

Median sFlt1 concentrations were elevated in pre-eclampsia compared to uncomplicated pregnancy, in umbilical venous serum (246 and 163 pg/mL, P=0.04), in maternal serum (9932 and 3417 pg/mL, P<0.001), as well as in amniotic fluid (51,040 and 33,490 pg/mL, P=0.03). A positive association between the fetal and maternal serum levels of sFlt1 was found in the pre-eclampsia group. Median PlGF concentration in the maternal serum was significantly lower in the pre-eclampsia group compared to the control group (82 pg/mL and 169 pg/mL, P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

sFlt1 concentration is elevated in the fetal circulation in pre-eclampsia, but at a much lower level than in the maternal circulation. The results of our study do not support a substantial fetal contribution to the elevated circulating maternal sFlt1 protein concentration in pre-eclampsia.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk