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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992 Jun;19(7):1508-15.

Direct quantitation of right and left ventricular volumes with nuclear magnetic resonance imaging in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York.

Abstract

To test the utility of electrocardiographically gated spin echo nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging in quantitating right and left ventricular volumes and function in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension, right and left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes, stroke volumes and ejection fractions were determined in 11 patients with primary pulmonary hypertension and in 10 subjects with normal echocardiographic findings. Ventricular chamber volumes were computed by summing the ventricular chamber volumes of each NMR slice at end-diastole and end-systole. This technique was verified by comparison of results obtained by this method and with the water displacement volumes of eight water-filled latex balloons and ventricular casts of eight excised bovine hearts. In the patients with primary pulmonary hypertension, right ventricular volume indexes were 121 +/- 45 ml/m2 at end-diastole and 70.1 +/- 41.6 ml/m2 at end-systole; both values were significantly greater than values in the normal subjects (67.9 +/- 13.4 and 27.9 +/- 7.5 ml/m2, respectively). Left ventricular end-diastolic volume index was significantly less in the patients (44.9 +/- 9.7 ml/m2) than in the normal subjects (68.9 +/- 13.1 ml/m2). There was no significant difference in left ventricular end-systolic volume between the two groups (24.4 +/- 8.6 and 27.1 +/- 7.8 ml/m2, respectively). Right and left ventricular ejection fractions in the patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (0.43 +/- 0.21 and 0.46 +/- 0.15, respectively) were significantly less than values in normal subjects (0.59 +/- 0.09 and 0.6 +/- 0.11, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
1593046
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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