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Biol Reprod. 2005 Oct;73(4):627-33. Epub 2005 Jun 1.

Mouse sperm desiccated and stored in trehalose medium without freezing.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Mouse sperm with and without trehalose were desiccated under nitrogen gas and stored at 4 degrees C and 22 degrees C. After rehydration, sperm were injected into oocytes using intracytoplasmic sperm injection and embryonic development was followed. Sperm were dried for 5.0, 6.25, or 7.5 min, stored at 22 degrees C for 1 wk with and without trehalose. The percentages of blastocysts that developed from sperm with trehalose were 51%, 31%, and 20%, respectively, which was significantly higher than sperm without trehalose (10%, 3%, and 5%, respectively). Desiccation and storage in medium with trehalose significantly increased sperm developmental potential compared to medium without trehalose. Sperm dried for 5 min produced more blastocysts than sperm dried for 6.25 or 7.5 min. When sperm were dried in trehalose for 5 min and stored for 1 wk, 2 wk, 1 mo, or 3 mo at 4 degrees C, the percentages of blastocysts were 73%, 84%, 63%, and 39%; whereas those stored at 22 degrees C for 1 wk, 2 wk, or 1 mo were significantly lower (53%, 17%, and 6%, respectively). Embryos from sperm partially desiccated in trehalose for 5 min and stored at 4 degrees C for 1 or 3 mo were transferred to 10 pseudopregnant recipients. Implantation rates were 81% and 48%; live fetuses were 26% and 5%, respectively. One of the recipients delivered three live fetuses. The results show that trehalose has a significant beneficial effect in preserving the developmental potential of mouse sperm following partial desiccation and storage at temperatures above freezing.

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