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J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2005 Sep 15;39(3-4):712-7.

Evaluation of apoptosis and necrosis induced by statins using fluorescence-enhanced flow cytometry.

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  • 1School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mukogawa Women's University, 11-68 Koshien, Kyuban-cho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 663-8179, Japan.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the apoptosis and necrosis induced by five kinds of statins in IM-9 human lymphoblasts with fluorescence-enhanced flow cytometry using avidin-biotin complex. IM-9 human lymphoblasts (2 x 10(4) cells/cm2) were seeded into tissue culture plates and incubated with five kinds of statins. Statin-treated cells were first incubated with biotin-annexin V, followed by addition of avidin-FITC and propidium iodide, and then subjected to flow cytometry. The fluorescence intensity was enhanced using an avidin-biotin complex system, resulting in successful separate determination of the statin-induced apoptosis and necrosis by flow cytometry, which enabled us to quantitatively evaluate the statin-induced cell damage. Flow cytometric analysis results in the intensity of statin-induced apoptosis in IM-9 cells as follows: atorvastatin cerivastatin>fluvastatin simvastatin>pravastatin. The intensity of statin-induced necrosis in IM-9 cells was expressed as follows: atorvastatin cerivastatin>fluvastatin simvastatin>pravastatin. The total damage of IM-9 cells induced by five kinds of statins were expressed as the sum of both percentages of apoptosis and necrosis as follows: atorvastatin cerivastatin>fluvastatin simvastatin>pravastatin. Our studies show that fluorescence enhancement with avidin-biotin complex is useful for the identification and quantitation of annexin-positive apoptosis cells and thus, the fluorescence-enhanced flow cytometry was shown to be applicable for screening of statins as new anti-leukemia agents.

PMID:
15927433
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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