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Addict Behav. 2005 Jul;30(6):1230-5. Epub 2004 Nov 5.

Self-reported motivations to change and self-efficacy levels for a group of recidivist drink drivers.

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  • 1Department of Psychology and Counselling, Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety, Queensland University of Technology, Beams Rd Carseldine, Brisbane 4034, Australia. je.freeman@qut.edu.au


The present study reports on a group of 132 recidivist offenders' stages of change and self-efficacy levels for changing and controlling both their drinking and drink driving behaviours. The majority of the sample reported being motivated to change their drink driving, but not their drinking behaviours. The sample also indicated high self-efficacy levels for the two behaviours, although a notable finding was that participants reported higher levels of control over their drinking rather than drink driving behaviours. Examination of the self-reported frequency of drink driving revealed that both motivations and self-efficacy levels were predictors of past offences and future intentions to drink and drive. The findings have direct implications for the management of repeat offenders, such as the inclusion of rehabilitation and alcohol treatment programs in sentencing outcomes for individuals who appear resistant to change.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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