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Environ Manage. 2005 May;35(5):649-66.

Terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates as bioindicators for environmental monitoring, with particular reference to mountain ecosystems.

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  • 1School of Biological and Earth Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3, AF, UK. i.d.hodkinson@livjm.ac.uk

Abstract

The use of terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates as a management tool for monitoring change in ecosystems is reviewed and critically evaluated. Their suitability and value for assessing a range of environmental problems from pollution impacts, through habitat evaluation for conservation to the long-term degradation and recovery of ecosystems, is critically discussed. Guidelines are provided for the choice of appropriate bioindicators. Examples of the use of a broad spectrum of invertebrates to assess a variety of environmental problems are summarized. The particular potential of invertebrates for monitoring montane ecosystems is highlighted.

PMID:
15920671
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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