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J Biomed Sci. 2005;12(2):297-310.

Overexpression of an Aurora-C kinase-deficient mutant disrupts the Aurora-B/INCENP complex and induces polyploidy.

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  • 1Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, 128, Academia Road, Sec. 2, Taipei, 11529, Taiwan, ROC.

Abstract

Aurora kinases are emerging as key regulators of centrosome function, chromosome segregation and cytokinesis. We previously isolated Aurora-C (Aie1), a third type of Aurora kinase, in a screen for kinases expressed in mouse sperm and eggs. Currently, we know very little about the precise localization and function of Aurora-C. Immunofluorescence analysis of ectopically expressed GFP-Aurora-C has revealed that Aurora-C is a new member of the chromosomal passenger proteins localizing first to the centromeres and then to the central spindles during cytokinesis. In order to study the potential role of Aurora-C, we examined the effects of a kinase-deficient (KD) mutant (AurC-KD) in HeLa Tet-Off cells under tetracycline control. Our results showed that overexpression of AurC-KD causes defects in cell division and induces polyploidy and apoptosis. Interestingly, AurC-KD overexpression also inhibits centromere/kinetochore localization of Aurora-B, Bub1, and BubR1, reduces histone H3 phosphorylation, and disrupts the association of INCENP with Aurora-B. Together, our results showed that Aurora-C is a chromosomal passenger protein, which may serve as a key regulator in cell division.

PMID:
15917996
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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