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J Biomed Opt. 2005 Mar-Apr;10(2):024029.

Dual-wavelength polarimetry for monitoring glucose in the presence of varying birefringence.

Author information

  • 1Texas A&M University, Biomedical Engineering, Mail stop 3120, College Station, Texas 77843, USA. qjwan@neo.tamu.edu


In a continuing effort to develop a noninvasive means of monitoring glucose levels using the aqueous humor of the eye, a dual-wavelength system is developed to show that varying birefringence, similar to what is seen with a moving cornea, can be compensated. In this work, a dual-wavelength, closed-loop system is designed and a model is developed to extract the glucose concentration information. The system and model are tested using various concentrations of glucose in a birefringent test cell subject to motion artifact. The results show that for a static, nonmoving sample, glucose can be predicted to within 10 mg/dl for the entire physiologic range (0 to 600 mg/dl) for either laser wavelength (523 or 635 nm). In the presence of moving birefringence, each individual wavelength produces standard errors on the order of a few thousand mg/dL. However, when the two wavelengths are combined into the developed model, this error is less than 20 mg/dL. The approach shows that multiple wavelengths can be used to drastically reduce the error in the presence of a moving birefringent sample and thus may have the potential to be used to noninvasively monitor glucose levels in vivo in the presence of moving corneal birefringence.

Copyright 2005 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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