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Arch Dis Child. 2005 Jun;90(6):619-23.

Human herpesviruses-6 and -7 each cause significant neurological morbidity in Britain and Ireland.

Author information

  • 1Department of Virology, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Windeyer Institute of Medical Sciences, London, UK. k.n.ward@ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Primary human herpesvirus-6 and -7 (HHV-6/-7) infections cause febrile illness sometimes complicated by convulsions and rarely encephalopathy.

AIMS:

To explore the extent of such HHV-6 and -7 induced disease in young children.

METHODS:

In a three year prospective study in Britain and Ireland, 205 children (2-35 months old) hospitalised with suspected encephalitis and/or severe illness with fever and convulsions were reported via the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit network. Blood samples were tested for primary HHV-6 and -7 infections.

RESULTS:

26/156 (17%) of children aged 2-23 months had primary infection (11 HHV-6; 13 HHV-7; two with both viruses) coinciding with the acute illness; this was much higher than the about three cases expected by chance. All 26 were pyrexial; 25 had convulsions (18 status epilepticus), 11 requiring ventilation. Median hospital stay was 7.5 days. For HHV-6 primary infection the median age was 53 weeks (range 42-94) and the distribution differed from that of uninfected children; for HHV-7, the median was 60 weeks (range 17-102) and the distribution did not differ for the uninfected. Fewer (5/15) children with primary HHV-7 infection had previously been infected with HHV-6 than expected.

CONCLUSIONS:

Primary HHV-6 and HHV-7 infections accounted for a significant proportion of cases in those <2 years old of severe illness with fever and convulsions requiring hospital admission; each virus contributed equally. Predisposing factors are age for HHV-6 and no previous infection with HHV-6 for HHV-7. Children with such neurological disease should be investigated for primary HHV-6/-7 infections, especially in rare cases coinciding by chance with immunisation to exclude misdiagnosis as vaccine reactions.

PMID:
15908629
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1720457
Free PMC Article
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