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Ther Drug Monit. 2005 Jun;27(3):297-304.

NAT2*5/*5 genotype (341T>C) is a potential risk factor for schistosomiasis-associated bladder cancer in Egyptians.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.


Arylamine N-acetyl transferase (NAT2) displays extensive genetic polymorphisms that affect the rates of acetylation of drugs and genotoxic compounds such as amine carcinogens. To investigate whether the slow acetylator genotype is a risk factor for development of bladder cancer following schistosomal infection of the urinary tract, the authors determined the frequencies of 3 common polymorphisms in the NAT2 gene (341T>C, 590G>A, and 282C>T), which are associated with impaired acetylation activity, in control subjects (n=61; mean age 34.3+/-9.2 years) and in schistosomiasis-associated bladder cancer patients (n=55; 52+/-10.9 years) from the Egyptian population. Genotyping was carried out using rapid cycle PCR on the LightCycler, and subjects were assigned to a slow, intermediate, or rapid acetylator phenotype on the basis of the genotypes. The frequencies of the mutant alleles observed in the controls from the present study were similar to those reported previously for both the Egyptian population and other Arab populations. Patients showed a higher prevalence (78.2%) of slow acetylator phenotype than controls (67.2%), but this did not reach statistical significance (P=0.19). However, there were significantly more individuals who were carriers of 2 mutant 341T>C alleles (NAT2*5/*5 genotype) in the patient group compared with controls (odds ratio 2.6, CI 1.02-6.67, P=0.026). The alloenzyme encoded by this allele has been shown to display a large reduction in its catalytic activity. In conclusion, these data suggest that the NAT2*5/*5 genotype is a potential risk factor for development of urinary bladder cancer in patients with prior schistosomiasis infection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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