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Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Apr 29;94(16):165501. Epub 2005 Apr 25.

Vacancy-impurity complexes in highly Sb-doped Si grown by molecular beam epitaxy.

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  • 1Laboratory of Physics, Helsinki University of Technology, P.O. Box 1100, FIN-02015 HUT, Finland.


Positron annihilation measurements, supported by first-principles electron-structure calculations, identify vacancies and vacancy clusters decorated by 1-2 dopant impurities in highly Sb-doped Si. The concentration of vacancy defects increases with Sb doping and contributes significantly to the electrical compensation. Annealings at low temperatures of 400-500 K convert the defects to larger complexes where the open volume is neighbored by 2-3 Sb atoms. This behavior is attributed to the migration of vacancy-Sb pairs and demonstrates at atomic level the metastability of the material grown by epitaxy at low temperature.

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