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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2005 Jun;65(2):222-6.

Underexpansion of sirolimus-eluting stents: incidence and relationship to delivery pressure.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Washington Hospital Center, Washington, District of Columbia 20010, USA.


We aimed to assess the incidence of underexpansion and the relationship between delivery pressure and expansion with sirolimus-eluting stents. Adequate stent expansion contributes to early and late improved outcomes. In 51 patients (53 lesions) with native coronary artery narrowing, balloon-expandable sirolimus-eluting stents (Cypher) were serially expanded with gradual balloon inflations [14 atm, 20 atm, and in case of minimal stent cross-sectional area (CSA)/reference lumen CSA < 50% at 20 atm, postdilatation with 0.5 mm larger balloon]. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging was performed before intervention and after each gradual balloon inflation. Stent expansion (minimal stent CSA/reference lumen CSA) was measured. Stent expansion was 72% +/- 16% after 14 atm balloon inflation, 90% +/- 18% after 20 atm balloon inflation (P < 0.001 vs. 14 atm), and 90% +/- 18% at the end of the procedure (including optional postdilatations with 0.5 mm larger balloon; P = NS vs. 20 atm). Stent expansion addressed by MUSIC criteria (all struts apposed, no tissue protrusion, and final lumen CSA > 80% of the reference or > 90% if minimal lumen CSA was < 9 mm2) was adequate in 15% of the cases after 14 atm balloon inflation, in 60% after 20 atm balloon inflation (P < 0.001 vs. 14 atm), and in 60% at the end of the procedure (P = NS vs. 20 atm). Sirolimus-eluting stent underexpansion is common when deployed at conventional pressures. Increasing balloon delivery pressure or assessing stent expansion with IVUS seems warranted in order to ensure adequate sirolimus-eluting stent deployment.

Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc

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