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J Hand Ther. 2005 Apr-Jun;18(2):198-207.

Ulnar intrinsic anatomy and dysfunction.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedics, University of Florida Medical Center, Gainesville 32611-2727, USA. paul@ortho.ufl.edu

Abstract

Normal hand function is a balance between the extrinsic and intrinsic musculature. Although individually the intrinsics are small muscles in diameter, collectively they represent a large muscle that contributes approximately 50% of grip strength. Dysfunction of the intrinsics consequently leads to impaired grip and pinch strength as well recognized deformities. Low ulnar nerve palsy preserves ulnar innervated extrinsics resulting in sensory loss, digital clawing, thumb deformity, abduction of the small finger, and asynchronous finger motion. High ulnar nerve palsy is characterized by the above plus paralysis of the ulnar profundi and the flexor carpi ulnaris. Understanding the normal anatomy allows the clinician to identify the site of the lesion and plan appropriate surgical intervention. This article revisits the classic work of Richard J. Smith on ulnar nerve palsy with contemporary perspective.

PMID:
15891978
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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