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Kidney Int. 2005 Jun;67(6):2434-9.

Silent cerebral infarction predicts vascular events in hemodialysis patients.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.



Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We have previously reported a higher incidence of silent cerebral infarction (SCI) in HD patients compared with the control group using MRI studies. In the present study, we examined whether or not SCI could predict vascular events in HD patients.


Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on 119 HD patients without symptomatic cerebrovascular disease. SCI was detected by MRI, and the patients were prospectively followed up. The end points of the study were the incidence of major events related to vascular events (cerebral events, cardiac events, and sudden deaths). We investigated the prognostic role of SCI in cerebral, cardiac, and vascular events by using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards analysis.


The prevalence of SCI was 49.6% in HD patients. During a follow-up period of maximum 60 months, vascular events, which included 13 cerebral events, 5 cardiac events, and 3 sudden deaths, occurred in 21 patients. The presence of SCI was predictive for a higher cerebral and vascular morbidity compared to the absence of SCI [18.6% (N= 11) vs. 3.3% (N= 2), P= 0.0169, and 30.5% (N= 18) vs. 5.0% (N= 3), P= 0.0006, respectively]. By multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis, SCI remained a powerful independent predictor of cerebral and vascular events (hazard ratio for cerebral events 7.33, 95% CI 1.27-42.25: for vascular events 4.48, 95% CI 1.09-18.41).


The findings of the present study indicate that the presence of SCI is a new risk factor for vascular events in HD patients.

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