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Am J Med Genet A. 2005 Jun 1;135(2):150-4.

Gonadoblastoma in Turner syndrome and Y-chromosome-derived material.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Clinic, S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. laura.mazzanti@unibo.it

Abstract

The identification of Y-chromosome material is important in females with Ullrich-Turner syndrome (UTS) due to the risk of developing gonadoblastoma or other gonadal tumors. There is controversy regarding the frequency of the Y-chromosome-derived material and the occurrence of gonadoblastoma in these patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate a large number of patients with UTS, followed before and during the pubertal age for the prevalence of Y-chromosome derived material, the occurrence of gonadoblastoma, and the incidence of possible neoplastic degeneration. An unselected series of 171 patients with UTS (1-34 years old), diagnosed cytogenetically, was studied for Y-chromosome markers (SRY and Y-centromeric DYZ3 repeats). The follow-up was of 2-22 years; 101 of these patients were followed during pubertal age. Y-chromosome material was found in 14 patients (8%): 12 of these were gonadectomized (2.8-25.9 years). A gonadoblastoma was detected in four patients under 16 years of age: in two, Y-material was detected only at molecular analysis (at conventional cytogenetic analysis, one was included in the 45,X group and one in the X + mar group) and one had also an immature teratoma and an endodermal sinus carcinoma. The prevalence of gonadoblastoma in our series of gonadectomized UTS patients with Y-positive material was of 33.3% (4/12). Our data suggest that the age of appearance and the possibility of malignant degeneration of gonadoblastoma can occur early in life. These patients, in particular those with 45,X or a marker chromosome may benefit from molecular screening to detect the presence of Y-chromosome material; PCR is a rapid and inexpensive technique. At the moment, laparoscopy and preventive gonadectomy performed as soon as possible remain the procedures of choice for patients with UTS, when Y-chromosome has been identified, as we are still unable to predict a future malignant evolution of gonadoblastoma.

Copyright (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
15880570
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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