Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2005 May;3(5):475-81.

Is the monocyte chemotactic protein-1 -2518 G allele a risk factor for severe acute pancreatitis?

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Acute pancreatitis (AP) reflects the intensity of the inflammatory response and is divided into mild AP (MAP) or severe AP (SAP). Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) gene expression is altered by an A/G polymorphism (-2518), with the G allele increasing MCP-1 production. Our aim was to determine whether the MCP-1 -2518 A/G polymorphism affects the severity of AP.

METHODS:

Seventy-seven consecutive patients and 116 controls were evaluated. The A/G genotype was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction amplification, restriction fragment length polymorphism, and DNA sequencing. MCP-1 serum levels were quantified using a fluorescence bead-based immunoassay.

RESULTS:

Sixty-three of 77 patients had MAP (82%) and 14 of 77 had SAP (18%). Patients with SAP had a significantly greater proportion of the G allele (12 of 14; 86%) than did control subjects (50 of 116; 43%) (odds ratio [OR], 7.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.7-37, P < .003) or MAP patients (29 of 63; 46%) (OR, 7.0; 95% CI, 1.5-34; P < .007). Patients with pancreatitis and AA genotype had a low risk for SAP (OR, .13; 95% CI, .01-.61; P < .003). As predicted by the genotype, the serum MCP-1 levels were significantly higher in the SAP patients when compared with the MAP patients ( P = .002) and they also predicted death.

CONCLUSIONS:

MCP-1 -2518 G allele is a risk factor for severe AP. MCP-1 serum levels, measured early in the course of AP, appear to be an accurate predictor of severity of acute pancreatitis and death.

PMID:
15880317
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk