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Biomacromolecules. 2005 May-Jun;6(3):1759-68.

Heparin-coupled poly(poly(ethylene glycol) monomethacrylate)-Si(111) hybrids and their blood compatible surfaces.

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  • 1Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore 119260.


Well-defined (nearly monodispersed) poly(poly(ethylene glycol)monomethacrylate)-Si hybrids were prepared via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of the poly(ethylene glycol)monomethacrylate (PEGMA) macromonomer on the hydrogen-terminated Si(111) surface (Si-H surface). Both the active chloride groups at the chain ends (from the ATRP process) and the chloride groups converted from some ( approximately 32%) of the -OH groups of the Si-C bonded PEGMA polymer, or P(PEGMA), brushes were used as leaving groups for the covalent coupling of heparin. For the heparinized P(PEGMA)-Si hybrid surfaces, protein adsorption and platelet adhesion were significantly suppressed. The well-defined and dense P(PEGMA) brushes, prepared from surface-initiated ATRP, had allowed the immobilization of a relatively high concentration of heparin (about 14 mug/cm(2)). The resulting silicon surface exhibited significantly improved antithrombogenecity with a plasma recalcification time (PRT) of about 150 min. The persistence of high bioactivity for the immobilized heparin on the hybrid surfaces can be attributed to the biocompatibility of the PEGMA units, as well as their role as spacers in providing the immobilized heparin with a higher degree of conformational freedom in a more hydrophilic environment. Thus, the heparin-coupled P(PEGMA)-Si hybrids with anti-fouling and antithrombogenic surfaces are potentially useful in silicon-based implantable devices and tissue engineering.

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