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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005 May;24(5):466-7.

Severe acute tonsillitis caused by Rothia dentocariosa in a healthy child.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan.


A 4-year-old Japanese girl developed a sore throat and high fever. Her tonsils were enlarged, red and covered with a thick white membrane. There was marked leukocytosis (26,600 leukocytes per mm) and elevated C-reactive protein levels (23.3 mg/dL). Rothia dentocariosa was recovered from the throat swab; many Gram-positive cocci were observed in the smear from the pseudomembrane covering the tonsil.

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