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J Hepatol. 2005 Jul;43(1):38-44. Epub 2005 Apr 8.

Hepatic steatosis in chronic hepatitis B and C: predictors, distribution and effect on fibrosis.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, The Alfred Hospital, Commercial Road, Prahran 3181, Vic., Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and C (CHC) are commonly associated with hepatic steatosis. The aims of this study were to investigate predictors of hepatic steatosis, and their impact on inflammation and fibrosis in CHB and CHC.

METHODS:

Consecutive patients with either CHB or CHC who underwent a liver biopsy at The Alfred Hospital between April and September 2002 were included. Histological analysis of liver biopsies was performed by two hepatopathologists blinded to the clinical data.

RESULTS:

Ninety-one patients were analysed including 17 patients with CHB and 74 with CHC. CHC genotype 3, C-peptide, glucose and waist circumference were independent predictors of extent of Brunt steatosis grade, while CHC genotype 3, C-peptide and waist circumference were independent predictors of microvesicular steatosis grade. Alcohol intake and age were predictors of hepatic fibrosis. There was a trend toward a correlation between both Brunt steatosis and microvesicular steatosis grades and fibrosis progression rate in CHC genotype non-3.

CONCLUSIONS:

Hepatic steatosis is common in chronic hepatitis B and C, and is associated with waist circumference, glucose, C-peptide and chronic hepatitis C genotype 3. Steatosis grade appears to relate to hepatic fibrosis progression rate in chronic hepatitis C genotype non-3.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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