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BMJ. 1992 Apr 18;304(6833):1020-2.

Evidence for an environmental effect in the aetiology of insulin dependent diabetes in a transmigratory population.

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  • 1Professorial Medical Unit, General Infirmary, Leeds.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine whether children of families moving from an area of low incidence of childhood diabetes to one which is higher show a corresponding rise in disease incidence.

DESIGN:

Disease incidence study over 12 years.

SETTING:

Bradford District Metropolitan Council area.

SUBJECTS:

All subjects aged 0-16 years resident within the study area.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The incidences of childhood diabetes in Asian and non-Asian families.

RESULTS:

The incidence of diabetes in Asian children increased from 3.1/100,000 per year in 1978-81 to 11.7/100,000 per year in 1988-90 (chi 2 for trend = 4.95, df = 1, p = 0.026) whereas that for other children remained constant at 10.5/100,000 per year. Over the entire study period rates were lower in Asian females (4.9/100,000 per year) than in Asian males (8.8/100,000 per year) whereas the reverse was true for other children (males 9.2/100,000 per year; females 12.0/100,000 per year) (test for common odds ratio: chi 2 = 3.81, df = 1, p = 0.052).

CONCLUSIONS:

Offspring of this transmigratory population had a rising incidence of childhood diabetes which was approaching that of the indigenous population. The data provide strong evidence for an environmental effect in the aetiology of insulin dependent diabetes.

PMID:
1586783
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1881717
Free PMC Article
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