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Clin Cancer Res. 2005 May 1;11(9):3543-52.

Noninvasive monitoring of murine tumor blood flow during and after photodynamic therapy provides early assessment of therapeutic efficacy.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, School of Arts and Sciences, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA. guoqiang@physics.upenn.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To monitor tumor blood flow noninvasively during photodynamic therapy (PDT) and to correlate flow responses with therapeutic efficacy.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) was used to measure blood flow continuously in radiation-induced fibrosarcoma murine tumors during Photofrin (5 mg/kg)/PDT (75 mW/cm2, 135 J/cm2). Relative blood flow (rBF; i.e., normalized to preillumination values) was compared with tumor perfusion as determined by power Doppler ultrasound and was correlated with treatment durability, defined as the time of tumor growth to a volume of 400 mm3. Broadband diffuse reflectance spectroscopy concurrently quantified tumor hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SO2).

RESULTS:

DCS and power Doppler ultrasound measured similar flow decreases in animals treated with identical protocols. DCS measurement of rBF during PDT revealed a series of PDT-induced peaks and declines dominated by an initial steep increase (average +/- SE: 168.1 +/- 39.5%) and subsequent decrease (59.2 +/- 29.1%). The duration (interval time; range, 2.2-15.6 minutes) and slope (flow reduction rate; range, 4.4 -45.8% minute(-1)) of the decrease correlated significantly (P = 0.0001 and 0.0002, r2= 0.79 and 0.67, respectively) with treatment durability. A positive, significant (P = 0.016, r2= 0.50) association between interval time and time-to-400 mm3 was also detected in animals with depressed pre-PDT blood flow due to hydralazine administration. At 3 hours after PDT, rBF and SO2 were predictive (P < or = 0.015) of treatment durability.

CONCLUSION:

These data suggest a role for DCS in real-time monitoring of PDT vascular response as an indicator of treatment efficacy.

PMID:
15867258
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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