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Acta Oncol. 1992;31(1):85-9.

Interpretation of granulomatous lesions in malignancy.

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  • 1Department of Oncology and Hematology, Odense University Hospital, Denmark.


In patients with malignancy the most frequent granuloma-associated conditions are tumor-related sarcoid reactions, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis and other infections. Quite often, the finding of granulomatous lesions in patients with cancer may lead to difficulties of interpretation resulting in inappropriate treatment of both granulomatous disease and malignancy. This problem is reviewed and exemplified by a number of typical case histories. A systematic diagnostic approach must integrate anamnestic, clinical, histomorphological, immunohistological and laboratory information. In addition, prolonged follow-up may be necessary in order to establish the true nature of a granuloma-associated condition.

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