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J Clin Invest. 2005 May;115(5):1111-9.

Inflammation, stress, and diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Genetics & Complex Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Over the last decade, an abundance of evidence has emerged demonstrating a close link between metabolism and immunity. It is now clear that obesity is associated with a state of chronic low-level inflammation. In this article, we discuss the molecular and cellular underpinnings of obesity-induced inflammation and the signaling pathways at the intersection of metabolism and inflammation that contribute to diabetes. We also consider mechanisms through which the inflammatory response may be initiated and discuss the reasons for the inflammatory response in obesity. We put forth for consideration some hypotheses regarding important unanswered questions in the field and suggest a model for the integration of inflammatory and metabolic pathways in metabolic disease.

PMID:
15864338
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1087185
Free PMC Article

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