Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Med Genet. 2005 May;42(5):e26.

Is maternal duplication of 11p15 associated with Silver-Russell syndrome?

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a heterogeneous malformation syndrome characterised by intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation (IUGR, PGR) and dysmorphisms. The basic causes are unknown, however in approximately 10% of patients a maternal uniparental disomy (UPD) of chromosome 7 or chromosomal aberrations can be detected. Four growth retarded children, two with SRS-like features, associated with maternal duplications of 11p15 have been described. Considering the involvement of this genomic region in Beckwith-Wiedemann overgrowth syndrome (BWS), we postulated that some cases of SRS--with an opposite phenotype to BWS--might also be caused by genomic disturbances in 11p15.

METHODS:

A total of 46 SRS patients were screened for genomic rearrangements in 11p15 by STR typing and FISH analysis.

RESULTS:

Two SRS patients with duplications of maternal 11p material in our study population (n = 46) were detected. In patient SR46, the duplicated region covered at least 9 Mb; FISH analysis revealed a translocation of 11p15 onto 10q. In patient SR90, additional 11p15 material (approximately 5 Mb) was translocated to the short arm of chromosome 15.

CONCLUSIONS:

We suggest that diagnostic testing for duplication in 11p15 should be offered to patients with severe IUGR and PGR with clinical signs reminiscent of SRS. SRS is a genetically heterogeneous condition and patients with a maternal duplication of 11p15.5 may form an important subgroup.

PMID:
15863658
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1736048
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk