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Brain Res. 2005 May 10;1043(1-2):139-44.

Blockade of the neuropeptide Y Y2 receptor with the specific antagonist BIIE0246 attenuates the effect of endogenous and exogenous peptide YY(3-36) on food intake.

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  • 1Endocrine Unit, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Campus, Du Cane Road, London W12 ONN, UK.


The gastrointestinal-derived hormone peptide YY (PYY) is released from intestinal L-cells post-prandially in proportion to calorie intake, and modulates food intake. Peripheral administration of PYY((3-36)) reduces food intake and body weight in rodents and suppresses appetite and food intake in humans. PYY((3-36)) is hypothesised to inhibit food intake via activation of the auto-inhibitory pre-synaptic neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y2 receptor (Y2R) present on arcuate (ARC) NPY neurons. We aimed to investigate the feeding effect of PYY((3-36)) following blockade of ARC Y2R, using the specific receptor antagonist BIIE0246, in the rat. We found that pre-treatment with BIIE0246 (1 nmol) into the ARC attenuated the reduction in feeding observed following intraperitoneal injection of PYY((3-36)) (7.5 nmol/kg) (0-1 h food intake: BIIE0246/PYY((3-36)): 3.8 +/- 0.4 g; vs. Vehicle/PYY((3-36)): 2.7 +/- 0.2 g; P < 0.05). We found plasma PYY levels to be maximal at 120 min post-initiation of feeding. On investigation of the endogenous role of the Y2R, we found that ARC administration of BIIE0246 alone significantly increased feeding in satiated rats compared to vehicle-injected controls (0-1 h food intake: BIIE0246: 4.1 +/- 0.7 g; vs. vehicle: 1.7 +/- 0.7 g; P < 0.05), suggesting that Y2R antagonism disinhibits the NPY neuron thus stimulating feeding in otherwise satiated rats. These studies suggest that the Y2R plays an important role in post-prandial satiety and provide further insight into the mechanisms of action of PYY((3-36)).

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