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Ann Oncol. 2005 Jul;16(7):1076-80. Epub 2005 Apr 28.

Advanced bronchioloalveolar carcinoma: a phase II trial of paclitaxel by 96-hour infusion (SWOG 9714): a Southwest Oncology Group study.

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  • 1Swedish Cancer Institute/Puget Sound Oncology Consortium, Seattle, WA 98104, USA. howard.west@swedish.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There are no published prospective trials of chemotherapy for advanced bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC), a subtype of non-small-cell lung cancer for which there is no current standard therapy. This phase II study assesses the efficacy and toxicity of 96-h paclitaxel in chemotherapy-naive patients with advanced BAC.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients with histologically confirmed stage IIIB (with pleural effusion) or stage IV BAC were eligible. Treatment consisted of paclitaxel 35 mg/m2/24 h continuously infused over 96 h (days 1-4) every 21 days for up to six courses.

RESULTS:

A total of 58 eligible patients were enrolled. The objective response rate was 14% (all partial responses, 9% confirmed); 40% of patients demonstrated stable disease. The median progression-free and overall survivals were 5 and 12 months, respectively. Grade 3 or greater toxicities included neutropenia/granulocytopenia (43%), febrile neutropenia (12%), infection (22%), and stomatitis/pharyngitis (10%); there were five treatment-related deaths.

CONCLUSIONS:

S9714 represents the first prospective multi-institutional cooperative group trial focusing on treatment outcomes in BAC. Studies targeting this population are feasible, and while first-line paclitaxel administered as a prolonged infusion is active in this setting, toxicities limits the utility of this regimen. S9714 serves as a historical control for BAC patients against which future therapeutic approaches can be compared.

PMID:
15860488
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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