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J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2005 Mar;60(3):293-300.

Evidence for down-regulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR)-dependent translation regulatory signaling pathways in Ames dwarf mice.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 15355 Lambda Drive, San Antonio, Texas 78245, USA. sharp@uthscsa.edu

Abstract

How growth hormone (GH) stimulates protein synthesis is unknown. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathways balance anabolic and catabolic activities in response to nutrients and growth factor signaling. As a test of GH signaling, immunoassays of two downstream translation regulatory proteins were compared in ad libitum-fed 2-month-old normal and Ames (Prop1df) dwarf mice. Phosphorylation of the p70 and p85 isoforms of S6 kinase 1 in liver and the p70 isoform in gastrocnemius muscle were significantly decreased in dwarfs. Messenger RNA (mRNA) Cap-binding demonstrated significantly higher levels of translation repressor 4E-BP1/eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) (coprecipitates) from dwarf livers, but not muscle. Consistent with these binding data, significantly less phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 was documented in dwarf liver. These data suggest a link between GH signaling and translation control in a model of extended longevity.

PMID:
15860463
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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