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Scand J Immunol. 2005 Apr;61(4):337-42.

Effect of LACK and KMP11 on IFN-gamma production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells from cutaneous and mucosal leishmaniasis patients.

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  • 1Servi├žo de Imunologia, Hospital Universit├írio Prof Edgard Santos, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil.


The immune modulatory properties of recombinant antigens Kinetoplasmid membrane protein-11 (KMP11) and Leishmania homologue of receptors for activated C kinase (LACK) in cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and mucosal leishmaniasis (ML) patients were evaluated. The mean levels of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in soluble leishmania antigen (SLA) stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of ML and CL patients were 5625 +/- 2333 pg/ml and 4422 +/- 3665 pg/ml, respectively. IFN-gamma was not detected in cultures stimulated with KMP11 or LACK. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) concentration in SLA, KMP11 and LACK-stimulated PBMC of ML patients was 13 +/- 12 pg/ml, 285 +/- 388 pg/ml and 802 +/- 483 pg/ml, respectively. Addition of KMP11 or LACK to SLA-stimulated PBMC of CL and ML patients enhanced IL-10 production (P < 0.05). Addition of KMP11 decreased IFN-gamma levels by 52% in CL patients and by 19% in ML patients. Addition of LACK to SLA-stimulated cultures decreased IFN-gamma levels by 58% in CL patients and by 30% in ML patients. Neutralization of IL-10 abrogated the downregulatory effect of LACK and KMP11. The modulatory properties of LACK and KMP11 are due to induction of IL-10 production and may be helpful for attenuating chronic inflammatory diseases. However, in some clinical conditions, as demonstrated for ML, these molecules are not able to suppress the IFN-gamma response, even inducing IL-10 production.

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