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J Agric Food Chem. 2005 May 4;53(9):3476-82.

Heat-induced soy-whey proteins interactions: formation of soluble and insoluble protein complexes.

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  • 1Department of Food Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada.

Abstract

The aggregation behavior during heating of a solution containing soy protein and whey protein isolate (WPI) was studied using rheology, confocal microscopy, gel filtration, and electrophoresis. Soy/WPI mixtures formed gels at 6% total protein concentration with a high elastic modulus (G') and no apparent phase separation. The ratio of soy to WPI was fundamental in determining the type of network formed. Systems containing a high soy to WPI ratio (>70% soy protein) showed a different evolution of the elastic modulus during heat treatment, with two apparent stages of network development. Whey proteins formed disulfide bridges with soy proteins during heating, and at low ratios of soy/WPI, the aggregates seemed to be predominantly formed by 7S, the basic subunits of 11S and beta-lactoglobulin. Size exclusion chromatography indicated the presence of high molecular weight soluble complexes in mixtures containing high soy/WPI ratios. Results presented are the first evidence of interactions between soy proteins and whey proteins and show the potential for the creation of a new group of functional ingredients.

PMID:
15853390
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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