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Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Apr 18;(2):CD003279.

Treatment for Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, Queen's Medical Centre, D Floor, West Block, Nottingham, UK, NG7 2UH. paul.maddison@nhs.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome is an autoimmune presynaptic disorder of neuromuscular transmission. Treatments attempt to overcome the harmful autoimmune process, or to improve residual neuromuscular transmission, in order to reverse muscle weakness.

OBJECTIVES:

The objective was to examine the efficacy of treatment in Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome.

SEARCH STRATEGY:

We searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Disease Group trials register (December 2004), MEDLINE (January 1966 to December 2004) and EMBASE (January 1980 to December 2004), and checked bibliographies and contacted authors to identify additional published or unpublished data.

SELECTION CRITERIA:

All randomised or quasi-randomised trials of adults and children with a diagnosis of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome, with or without small-cell lung cancer, receiving any form of pharmacological or physical treatment. The primary outcome measure was change in muscle strength scale score (Quantitative Myasthenia Gravis score), or limb muscle strength measured by myometry. The secondary outcome measure was improvement in the mean amplitude of the resting compound muscle action potentials. The mean amplitude used was the mean of all muscles tested.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:

We identified three randomised controlled trials.

MAIN RESULTS:

Two controlled trials of the effects of 3,4-diaminopyridine compared with placebo in a total of 38 patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome were eligible, one of which was of crossover design. A third crossover trial compared intravenous immunoglobulin treatment to placebo in nine patients. Two trials of 3,4-diaminopyridine reported a significant improvement in muscle strength score, or myometric limb measurement following treatment, and a significant improvement in resting compound muscle action potential amplitude following 3,4-diaminopyridine, compared with placebo.A meta-analysis of the primary endpoint results was not possible because of marked differences in primary outcome measures. However, a meta-analysis of the secondary endpoint was possible. The overall weighted mean difference was 1.80 mV (95% confidence interval 0.82 to 2.78), favouring treatment.A crossover trial reported a significant improvement in myometric limb strength and a non-significant improvement in change in the mean resting compound muscle action potential amplitude when patients received intravenous immunoglobulin compared to placebo infusions. Clinical improvement lasted for up to eight weeks.

AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS:

Limited evidence from randomised controlled trials showed that either 3,4-diaminopyridine or intravenous immunoglobulin improved muscle strength scores and compound muscle action potential amplitudes in patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. There are insufficient data at present to quantify this treatment effect. Other possible treatments have not been tested in randomised controlled trials.

PMID:
15846654
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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