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Immunity. 2005 Apr;22(4):507-17.

Syk-dependent cytokine induction by Dectin-1 reveals a novel pattern recognition pathway for C type lectins.

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  • 1Immunobiology Laboratory, Cancer Research UK, London Research Institute, 44 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London WC2A 3PX, United Kingdom.

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  • Immunity. 2005 Jun;22(6):773-4.

Abstract

Pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) detect molecular signatures of microbes and initiate immune responses to infection. Prototypical PRRs such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs) signal via a conserved pathway to induce innate response genes. In contrast, the signaling pathways engaged by other classes of putative PRRs remain ill defined. Here, we demonstrate that the beta-glucan receptor Dectin-1, a yeast binding C type lectin known to synergize with TLR2 to induce TNF alpha and IL-12, can also promote synthesis of IL-2 and IL-10 through phosphorylation of the membrane proximal tyrosine in the cytoplasmic domain and recruitment of Syk kinase. syk-/- dendritic cells (DCs) do not make IL-10 or IL-2 upon yeast stimulation but produce IL-12, indicating that the Dectin-1/Syk and Dectin-1/TLR2 pathways can operate independently. These results identify a novel signaling pathway involved in pattern recognition by C type lectins and suggest a potential role for Syk kinase in regulation of innate immunity.

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PMID:
15845454
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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