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J Chromatogr A. 2005 Mar 25;1069(1):43-52.

Properties and performance of novel high-resolution/high-permeability ion-exchange media for protein chromatography.

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  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400741, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4741, USA.

Abstract

There is continued interest in the development of stationary phases for protein chromatography that can provide high resolution at elevated flow rates of the mobile phase. When using porous particles, resolution and dynamic binding capacity decline rapidly as the flow rate is increased. Monolithic columns have been developed to overcome these limitations. However, there are difficulties in manufacturing homogeneous larger scale monoliths. In this paper we investigate the morphology and performance characteristics of columns based on new ion exchangers obtained by mechanically disrupting continuous beds of acrylamido-based polymeric media. Near colloidal suspensions of loose particles obtained with this procedure can be flow-packed in ordinary chromatography columns resulting in beds of unexpectedly high hydraulic permeability. Columns up to 2.2 cm in diameter were studied with both Q and S functionalized media. The hydraulic permeability and interparticle porosity of these columns were rather high. The permeabilities of the S and Q media were 1.5 x 10(-13) and 2.4 x 10(-13) m2, respectively, while the corresponding porosities were 60 and 70%. These porosity values are similar to those of monoliths, suggesting that these particles assemble under flow to give high-porosity bridged structures. The structure of these packed beds was further characterized by embedding small packed columns in resins and obtaining sections for microscopic observation. The sections reveal the presence of small aggregates of non-porous 1-3 microm particles, surrounded by flow channels several micrometers in size. The height equivalent to a theoretical plate under isocratic and gradient elution conditions and the dynamic binding capacity were determined for several proteins and were found to be virtually independent of flow.

PMID:
15844482
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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