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J Immunol. 2005 May 1;174(9):5823-9.

Inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin potentiates thrombin-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression by accelerating and stabilizing NF-kappa B activation in endothelial cells.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, New York 14642, USA.

Abstract

We addressed the regulatory function of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in the mechanism of thrombin-induced ICAM-1 gene expression in endothelial cells. Pretreatment of HUVECs with rapamycin, an inhibitor of mTOR, augmented thrombin-induced ICAM-1 expression. Inhibition of mTOR by this approach promoted whereas over-expression of mTOR inhibited thrombin-induced transcriptional activity of NF-kappaB, an essential regulator of ICAM-1 transcription. Analysis of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway revealed that inhibition of mTOR potentiated IkappaB kinase activation resulting in a rapid and persistent phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha on Ser32 and Ser36, a requirement for IkappaBalpha degradation. Consistent with these data, we observed a more efficient and stable nuclear localization of RelA/p65 and, subsequently, the DNA binding activity of NF-kappaB by thrombin following mTOR inhibition. These data define a novel role of mTOR in down-regulating thrombin-induced ICAM-1 expression in endothelial cells by controlling a delayed and transient activation of NF-kappaB.

PMID:
15843586
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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