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Int J Nurs Terminol Classif. 2005 Jan-Mar;16(1):3-13.

Ethical dilemma and moral distress: proposed new NANDA diagnoses.

Author information

  • 1Niehoff School of Nursing, Loyola University Chicago, USA. bkopala@luc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To propose two NANDA diagnoses--ethical dilemma and moral distress--and to distinguish between the NANDA diagnosis decisional conflict and the proposed nursing diagnosis of ethical dilemma.

SOURCES USED:

Journal articles, books, and focus group research findings.

DATA SYNTHESIS:

Moral/ethical situations exist in health care. Nurses' experiences of ethical dilemmas and moral distress are extrapolated to the types and categories of ethical dilemmas and moral distress that patients experience and are used as the basis for development of two new nursing diagnoses.

CONCLUSION:

The two proposed NANDA diagnoses fill a void in current standardized terminology.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

It is important that nurses have the ability to diagnose ethical or moral situations in health care. Currently, NANDA does not offer a means to document this important phenomenon. The creation of two sets of nursing diagnoses, ethical dilemma and moral distress, will enable nurses to recognize and track nursing care related to ethical or moral situations.

PMID:
15842312
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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