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Crit Rev Microbiol. 2005;31(1):45-53.

Polymerase chain reaction detection of foodborne Salmonella spp. in animal feeds.

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  • 1Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Delaware State University, Dover, Delaware, USA


Foodborne salmonellosis continues to be a public health issue of considerable concern. Animal feed has been a major link in pre-harvest food animal production. Although monitoring systems and control measures are available to limit Salmonella spp. contamination on animal feeds detection methodology is relatively time consuming in the context of time inputs for feed processing and mixing. Current cultural methods of Salmonella spp. detection in feeds require several days for confirmation. This amount of time represents significant problems if control measures are to be effectively implemented in a fashion that keeps feed processing costs low. Molecular methods offer improved sensitivity and potential reduction in assay time. In particular, several commercial polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays, and combined PCR-hybridization assays have been suggested as possible means to implement more rapid detection of Salmonella spp. extracted from animal feeds. It has now become possible to rapidly detect and confirm the presence of foodborne Salmonella spp. in feed matrices by commercial amplification detection systems. The primary challenges remaining are to develop more reliable recovery and extraction procedures for routine processing of samples from a wide variety of feed matrices and apply molecular techniques for assessing physiological status of Salmonella spp. contaminants in animal feeds.

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