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Am J Manag Care. 2005 Apr;11(4):206-10.

The need for improved medical management of patients with concomitant hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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  • 1The University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy, USA.



To determine level of blood pressure (BP) control and to evaluate hypertension management strategies in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus.


Retrospective review of 2 consecutive years of pharmacy and medical insurance claims data and medical charts from patients participating in 10 health plans in 9 states.


Patients 18 years and older with a medical or pharmacy claim related to hypertension were identified and assessed for inclusion in the database. A random sample of medical charts was reviewed to confirm the diagnoses of hypertension and diabetes mellitus and degree of BP control and to assess the prevalence of other cardiovascular disease risk factors and current antihypertensive treatment.


Type 2 diabetes mellitus was documented in 977 patients. The mean age was 64.3 years, and 55.1% were women. A BP goal of less than 130/85 mm Hg was achieved in 192 patients (19.7%), and a BP goal of less than 130/80 mm Hg was achieved in 135 patients (13.8%). Fifty-two percent of patients had dyslipidemia, and 87.6% were overweight, obese, or morbidly obese; tobacco use was documented in 19.5%.


Hypertensive diabetic patients are frequently not treated to their goal BP, which requires the use of 2 or more agents in most patients. Quality improvement programs should emphasize the importance of treating hypertensive diabetic patients to their goal BP, as well as controlling other major cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as smoking, dyslipidemia, and overweight or obesity, that are prevalent among these high-risk patients.

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