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J Exp Med. 2005 Apr 18;201(8):1293-305.

An anti-CD45RO/RB monoclonal antibody modulates T cell responses via induction of apoptosis and generation of regulatory T cells.

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  • 1San Raffaele Telethon Institute for Gene Therapy, 20132 Milan, Italy.

Abstract

The effects of a chimeric monoclonal antibody (chA6 mAb) that recognizes both the RO and RB isoforms of the transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatase CD45 on human T cells were investigated. Chimeric A6 (chA6) mAb potently inhibited antigen-specific and polyclonal T cell responses. ChA6 mAb induced activation-independent apoptosis in CD4(+)CD45RO/RB(high) T cells but not in CD8(+) T cells. In addition, CD4(+) T cell lines specific for tetanus toxoid (TT) generated in the presence of chA6 mAb were anergic and suppressed the proliferation and interferon (IFN)-gamma production by TT-specific effector T cells by an interleukin-10-dependent mechanism, indicating that these cells were equivalent to type 1 regulatory T cells. Similarly, CD8(+) T cell lines specific for the influenza A matrix protein-derived peptide (MP.58-66) generated in the presence of chA6 mAb were anergic and suppressed IFN-gamma production by MP.58-66-specific effector CD8(+) T cells. Furthermore, chA6 mAb significantly prolonged human pancreatic islet allograft survival in nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency mice injected with human peripheral blood lymphocytes (hu-PBL-NOD/SCID). Together, these results demonstrate that the chA6 mAb is a new immunomodulatory agent with multiple modes of action, including deletion of preexisting memory and recently activated T cells and induction of anergic CD4(+) and CD8(+) regulatory T cells.

PMID:
15837814
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2213149
Free PMC Article

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