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Nat Med. 2005 May;11(5):545-50. Epub 2005 Apr 17.

Diverse compounds mimic Alzheimer disease-causing mutations by augmenting Abeta42 production.

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  • 1Department of Neuroscience, Mayo Clinic, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, USA.


Increased Abeta42 production has been linked to the development of Alzheimer disease. We now identify a number of compounds that raise Abeta42. Among the more potent Abeta42-raising agents identified are fenofibrate, an antilipidemic agent, and celecoxib, a COX-2-selective NSAID. Many COX-2-selective NSAIDs tested raised Abeta42, including multiple COX-2-selective derivatives of two Abeta42-lowering NSAIDs. Compounds devoid of COX activity and the endogenous isoprenoids FPP and GGPP also raised Abeta42. These compounds seem to target the gamma-secretase complex, increasing gamma-secretase-catalyzed production of Abeta42 in vitro. Short-term in vivo studies show that two Abeta42-raising compounds increase Abeta42 levels in the brains of mice. The elevations in Abeta42 by these compounds are comparable to the increases in Abeta42 induced by Alzheimer disease-causing mutations in the genes encoding amyloid beta protein precursor and presenilins, raising the possibility that exogenous compounds or naturally occurring isoprenoids might increase Abeta42 production in humans.

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