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J Biol Chem. 2005 Jun 17;280(24):23147-56. Epub 2005 Apr 17.

Kinetics of Src homology 3 domain association with the proline-rich domain of dynamins: specificity, occlusion, and the effects of phosphorylation.

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  • 1Department of Neurobiology, Pharamacology, and Physiology, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA.

Abstract

Dynamin function is mediated in part through association of its proline-rich domain (PRD) with the Src homology 3 (SH3) domains of several putative binding proteins. To assess the specificity and kinetics of this process, we undertook surface plasmon resonance studies of the interaction between isolated PRDs of dynamin-1 and -2 and several purified SH3 domains. Glutathione S-transferase-linked SH3 domains bound with high affinity (K(D) approximately 10 nm to 1 microm) to both dynamin-1 and -2. The simplest interaction appeared to take place with the amphiphysin-SH3 domain; this bound to a single high affinity site (K(D) approximately 10 nm) in the C terminus of dynamin-1 PRD, as predicted by previous studies. Binding to the dynamin-2 PRD was also monophasic but with a slightly lower affinity (K(D) approximately 25 nm). Endophilin-SH3 binding to both dynamin-1 and -2 PRDs was biphasic, with one high affinity site (K(D) approximately 14 nm) in the N terminus of the PRD and another lower affinity site (K(D) approximately 60 nm) in the C terminus of dynamin-1. The N-terminal site in dynamin-2 PRD had a 10-fold lower affinity for endophilin-SH3. Preloading of dynamin-1 PRD with the amphiphysin-SH3 domain partially occluded binding of the endophilin-SH3 domain, indicating overlap between the binding sites in the C terminus, but endophilin was still able to interact with the high affinity N-terminal site. This shows that more than one SH3 domain can simultaneously bind to the PRD and suggests that competition probably occurs in vivo between different SH3-containing proteins for the limited number of PXXP motifs. Endophilin-SH3 binding to the high affinity site was disrupted when dynamin-1 PRD was phosphorylated with Cdk5, indicating that this site overlaps the phosphorylation sites, but amphiphysin-SH3 binding was unaffected. Other SH3 domains showed similarly complex binding characteristics, and substantial differences were noted between the PRDs from dynamin-1 and -2. For example, SH3 domains from c-Src, Grb2, and intersectin bound only to the C-terminal half of dynamin-2 PRD but to both the N- and C-terminal portions of dynamin-1 PRD. Thus, differential binding of SH3 domain-containing proteins to dynamin-1 and -2 may contribute to the distinct functions performed by these isoforms.

PMID:
15834155
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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