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Am J Surg Pathol. 2005 May;29(5):602-6.

Impact of colloid response on survival after preoperative radiotherapy in locally advanced rectal carcinoma.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Pellegrin Hospital, Bordeaux, France.


Neoadjuvant therapy for rectal carcinoma modifies morphology and natural history of the tumor. Colloid response defined by predominant colloid changes with or without residual tumor cells is a form of tumor response whose impact on survival is unknown. This study evaluated influence of tumor histologic response, especially of colloid response, on survival in patients treated by long-course preoperative radiotherapy for rectal cancer. In 200 patients with uT3-T4 or N1 rectal carcinomas, influence of type of surgery, dose of radiotherapy, residual tumor size, surface tumor aspect, tumor response (downstaging vs. colloid or no response), tumor grade, vascular and neural invasion, circumferential margin, and postoperative chemotherapy on 5-year overall and disease-free survival were studied by univariate and multivariate analyses. A colloid response was observed in 20% of the cases. Tumor response, circumferential margin, and vascular invasion were independently associated with the disease-free survival. Patients with downstaging had a better disease-free survival than patients without response (80% vs. 54%), whereas those with colloid response had an intermediate survival (64%). After colloid response, the rate of recurrence was similar to patients with downstaging for local recurrence (0%-3%) and to those with no response for distant recurrence (28%). After preoperative radiotherapy for rectal cancer, survival and type of recurrence are influenced by the tumor response. The intermediate natural history of patients with colloid response suggests taking colloid response into account in postoperative tumor staging to optimize adjuvant therapy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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