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J Hepatol. 2005 May;42(5):736-43.

Increase of doxorubicin sensitivity by doxorubicin-loading into nanoparticles for hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo.

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  • 1INSERM Unit 271, 151 Cours Albert Thomas, 69424 Lyon Cedex 03, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is known to be chemoresistant to anticancer drugs due to the multidrug resistant (MDR) transporters expression. Here, we compared in vitro and in vivo the anti-tumor efficacy of doxorubicin-loaded polyisohexylcyanoacrylate nanoparticles (PIHCA-Dox) versus free doxorubicin (Dox). These nanoparticles are known to overcome the MDR phenotype.

METHODS:

We first determined in vitro the 50% inhibition concentration (IC(50)) of these drugs on different human hepatoma cell lines. Secondly, the efficacy of the drugs in vivo was determined on the X/myc transgenic murine model of HCC by histological counting of apoptotic tumorous hepatocytes and by TUNEL labeling. We characterized by semi-quantitative RT-PCR the MDR-related gene (mdr1, mdr3, mrp1) expression pattern in this model.

RESULTS:

In vitro, IC(50) was reduced with PIHCA-Dox versus Dox for Huh7 (1.7-fold reduction; P<0.001), HepaRG (4.5-fold reduction; P<0.01), HepG2 (1.5-fold reduction; P<0.001), and HepG2.2.15 (1.5-fold reduction; P=0.059). In vivo, HCC in transgenic mice overexpressed the mdr1 and mdr3 genes and the antitumor drugs efficacy was greatly enhanced after injection of PIHCA-Dox (9.0+/-5.0%; n=15) versus Dox (4.6+/-3.3%; n=13; P=0.01) for apoptotic bodies count.

CONCLUSIONS:

These promising data showing a higher anti-tumor efficacy on HCC of PIHCA-Dox versus Dox, warrant further studies in both animals and humans.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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