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J Occup Health Psychol. 2005 Apr;10(2):97-109.

The impact of job characteristics on work-to-family facilitation: testing a theory and distinguishing a construct.

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  • 1Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA.


This study used objective measures of job characteristics appended to the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS), self-reported job characteristics, and an individual resource characteristic (orientation toward personal growth) to test a theory of work-family facilitation. Results indicated that resource-rich jobs enable work-to-family facilitation. A higher level of work-to-family facilitation was reported by individuals in jobs with more autonomy and variety and whose jobs required greater substantive complexity and social skill. There was no support for the hypotheses that these effects would be more pronounced for individuals with higher levels of personal growth. The authors found significant differences in the strength of the associations of job characteristics with work-to-family facilitation and work-tofamily conflict, suggesting they are different constructs with distinct antecedents.

Copyright 2005 APA, all rights reserved.

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